Jain Monuments of Gwalior Fort - Gopachal and siddhanchal caves

Jain Monuments of Gwalior Fort

Gwalior is well known for its blue-tiled fort atop the hill, the Gwalior fort but also for their Jain monuments. When I visited the place, The fog filled up the place, and dawn broke through the fog. 

It took more than half a day to walk around the fort and explore all the mahals within the fort. But this post is not about the Gwalior fort

It is somewhat surprising that Gwalior has some spectacular Jain monuments. All around the hill, carved within the hill, are the rock-cut Jain statues that take your breath away with its sheer size.

View of Gwalior Fort
View of Gwalior Fort

I did not even anticipate it because the fort and its palaces are much talked about, Gwalior.  

So when the taxi that I had hired said, "while going down the hill, I 'll stop by the Jain temples," I was taken by surprise. I had so many questions running through my mind. 

Since Gwalior fort was all about Hinduism and how Man Singh Tomar built this dynasty, how did Jainism find the way? 

Did it come into existence before the fort or after the fort? 

The Internet says these Jain temples were built during the Tomar dynasty between the 7th to 15th centuries. I wouldn't call it exactly the fort premises, and it is more on the way from Gwalior to Gwalior fort. 

The fort's premises are grouped into five main groups, namely Urwahi, North West, North East, South West, and the South East Areas. And along two sides, we can see these Jain temples. The driver pulled up along the road, and there were the first set of monuments.

Gopachal Jain statue
By the side of valley

Gopachal Rock Cut Jain Monuments

On the Urwahi road stand the first set of Jain monuments that we come across. It is more like a slope; the flight of stairs takes you down to the statues, not that they are not noticeable from the road. 

About 100 statues are ranging from sizes as small as a few centimeters to 50 feet. This is not a joke !! 

Some of the faces are damaged, and other parts of the body are gone. So when the Mughals took over Gwalior from Tomars and occupied the fort, they sent across the army to destroy these magnificent structures. And then the Jain community pooled in to restore these monuments in the 19th century.

The Jain Tirthankaras found here are either in a standing posture or in a sitting stance. The main Tirthankara to note here is the tall Shri Adinatha which is about 57 feet in height. He is the first Tirthankara in Jainism. Tirthankara means the spiritual leader.

Statues of different sizes - Gopachal caves
Jain statues at Gopachal Cave
Jain statues at Gopachal Cave

The Jain Tirthankaras found here are either in a standing posture or in sitting posture. The main Tirthankara to note here is the tall Shri Adinatha which is about 57 feet in height. He is the first Tirthankara in Jainism. Tirthankara means the spiritual leader.

48ft tall Shri Adhinath at Gopachal caves
48ft tall Shri Adhinath at Gopachal caves

Also Read: Miyan Tansen's Tomb at Gwalior

Siddhachal Jain Temple Caves

About 2 km away from the Gopachal set of temples and on the way to Teli ka Mandir is the Siddhachal Jain temple caves. 

These caves were built in the 15th century during the reign of the last Tomar King Dungar Singh and his son, Kirti Singh. These were bigger and covered a vast area. On a blaring sunny day, I was going quite dizzy with the sun and me craning my neck to look at these Jain monuments. 

All the 24 Tirthankaras are depicted here. Almost every other Jaina statue looks tall and impossible to get into a frame. And here also the tallest statue is that of Shri Adinatha and about 58feet. Babur managed to demolish these sculptures as well.

Majestic and Vast Siddhanchal rock cut jain temples
Majestic and Vast Siddhanchal rock cut jain temples
The huge Jain rock cut temples of Gwalior
The huge Jain rock cut temples of Gwalior
48ft tall Shri Adhinath at Siddhanchal caves
48ft tall Shri Adhinath at Siddhanchal caves
Jain thirthankaras
Some more Jain thirthankaras

How to Reach Jain Monuments of Gwalior

You can either spot these caves on the way to the fort or while you are done with the fort and decide to move on to other monuments. Once you are done with the fort, check out Saas Bahu temple, Gurudwara and explore Gopachal caves. And then you can drive back to Siddanchal, followed by Teli ka Mandir.

Also Read - Monuments of Orchha - History and Travel Guide

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